Water Pollution 2018
EuroSciCon is organizing meeting on Water pollution and Sewage Management 2018 is scheduled from July 26-27 at Rome, Italy. EuroSciSon is the UK based independent life science Events Company with predominantly business and academic client base.
The 2018 meeting promises to be a dynamic and informative event and going to explore the issues, innovations and integrated approaches towards water pollution and waste water management, the speakers are a multidisciplinary gathering of globally perceived specialists that speak on Be a part of Solution, not the Pollution!!
This is 2-day Meeting and you can participate in a number of educational formats including General Sessions, Poster Presentations, and Workshops/Symposium, Meet-the-Professor Sessions, Oral Presentations and other interactive and informal exchanges.
Topics will cover the latest advances in the water pollution, adsorption technology, groundwater pollution, waste water technologies, Industrial water treatment, sewage treatment and many more.
We trust you will discover the Meeting beneficial, enlightening and agreeable. We want to thank all EuroSciCon Members and participants whose commitments and cooperation have been basic to the accomplishment of the association!!
About Rome, Italy
Rome is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and art treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, the beauty of its panoramic views, and the majesty of its magnificent "villas". Among the most significant resources: plenty of museums like Capitoline Museums, the Vatican Museums, Galleria Borghese, and a great many others aqueducts, fountains, churches, palaces, historical buildings, the monuments and ruins of the Roman Forum, and the Catacombs.
Top Attractive Places to Visit in Rome
The city is covered with many famous tourist attractions like Colosseum, Modern Center, Historic quarter, The Vatican, Trastevere, Esquilino-San Giovann and many other historical places which make the visitors more captivated towards the city.
Colosseum: It is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, an oval theatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and sand, The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus.
The Vatican: The State of Vatican City is a country located within the city of Rome. Within Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures.
Trastevere: The Trastevere is known for traditional and innovative trattorias, craft beer pubs and artisan shops, as well as simple B&B and budget hotels. The land to the south of the Vatican, on the west bank of the Tiber River, full of narrow cobbled streets and lonely plazas that served as the inspiration for artists such as Giorgio de Chirico, now arguably the centre of Rome's artistic life.
Contamination of water is caused due to discharge of waste water from industries and households into surface waters like ponds, rivers, seas and oceans. The various methods of contamination of waste water require a variety of strategies to remove the pollution. The process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water is called as water purification. The technologies can be designed to provide low cost sanitation and environmental protection. The various laboratory test methodologies are waste water quality indicators. They are used to assess suitability of waste water for disposal or re-use. Tests calculate the physio-chemical and biological characteristics of the waste water. Graphene: A new activator of sodium persulfate for the advanced oxidation of parabens in water is a recent research emerging in the field of waste water purification.
- Sources of polluted water
- Causes of water pollution
- Purification of water
- Quality indicators
- Regulations controlling water pollution
Adsorption is one of the most systematic processes of advanced waste water treatment technology, which industry and academic researchers widely engaged for the removal of various pollutants. Activated carbon is one of the most widely investigated adsorbent in water treatment process. In recent years, the “adsorption” process has become more accepted as “Bio sorption” which uses biomaterials as the adsorbent, for contaminated water treatment. Magnetic adsorbents are an attractive solution for metallic and dye pollutants, particularly due to the simple magnetic separation process.
- Process of adsorption
- Low cost adsorbents
- Heat pump system
- Batch experiment
- Column experiment
- Sedimentation and filtration
Ground water Pollution
Groundwater contamination occurs when man-made products such as gasoline, oil, road salts and chemicals induced into the groundwater and cause it to become unsafe and unfit for human use. It can also happen naturally due to the presence of a small and unwanted constituents, contaminants or impurities in the groundwater, in which it is more likely treated to be as contamination rather than pollution. Testing of ground water pollution may focus on soil characteristics and site geology, hydrogeology, hydrology, and the nature of the contaminants. Using polluted ground water causes hazards to public health through poisoning or the spread of disease. Different mechanisms have influence on the transport of pollutants, e.g. diffusion, adsorption, precipitation, decay, in the groundwater. The interaction of groundwater contamination with surface waters is analysed by use of hydrology transport models.
- Types of pollutants
- Organic compounds
- Causes of ground water pollution
- Mechanism and interactions with surface water
- Prevention and management of ground water pollution
Waste water Technologies
A technology that makes a barrier using a filtration process to physically distinguish solids from water are said to be as waste water technologies. Wastewater treatment is a technique used to convert wastewater, which is no longer needed or suitable for its use. The latter is called water reclamation. Instead of disposing of wastewater it is again reused for various purposes. During the treatment process, pollutants are removed or broken down. The infrastructure used for wastewater treatment is called a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), or a sewage treatment plant in the case of municipal wastewater (households and small industries).
- Micro flotation
- Advanced oxidation process
- Filtration techniques
- Photo bio reactors
- Photo catalysis
- Hydro cyclone oil separators
- Solid removers
- Brine treatment
Industrial water Treatment
Industrial Water treatment is used to accumulate most water-based industrial processes, such as heating, cooling, processing, cleaning, and rinsing so that operating costs and risks are reduced. Water treatment is also engaged to improve the quality of water contacting the manufactured product such as semiconductors, or can be part of the product e.g. beverages, pharmaceuticals, etc. In these cases, poor water treatment can root to defective products.
- Nature of industrial waste water
- Preliminary unit processes
- Biological processes
- Sludge management
- Chemical and Pharmaceutical manufacturing
- Piggery waste water
- Slaughter house waste water
- Palm oil mill and refinery waste water
- Membranes and membrane filtration methods
- Ultra violet irradiation
Agriculture and Environmental Pollution
Agricultural and environmental pollution refers to biotic and abiotic by-products of farming practices that result in polluting or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and cause injury to humans and their economic interests. The pollution may create from different sources, ranging from point source pollution to more diffuse, landscape-level causes, also known as non-point source pollution. Management techniques which arise from animal management and housing to lay out pesticides and fertilizers in global agricultural practices.
- Agricultural pollution
- Agricultural impacts on water quality
- Effects on human health
- Surface water pollution
- Aquatic weeds
- Pesticides in drinking water
Water Borne Diseases
The diseases which are caused by the interaction with dirty or polluted water, then it’s referred to be as waterborne diseases. These are originated by pathogenic micro-organisms that are most commonly transmitted in contaminated fresh water. Infection commonly results during bathing, washing, drinking and in the preparation of food, or the consumption of food that is infected. This leads to many diseases from many parasites and microorganisms.
- Infections by Protozoa
- Diseases by bacteria
- Infections by Virus
- Phycology infections – algae
- Chemical pollutants
- Water based diseases
- Other water related diseases
Eutrophication is a leading cause of impairment of many freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems in the world. It takes place when the environment becomes enriched with nutrients. This can be a problem in marine habitats such as lakes, ponds, rivers and sometimes in seas, as it can cause algal blooms. Fertilisers are often used in farming; sometimes these can run-off into nearby water causing an increase in nutrient levels.
- Natural eutrophication
- Cultural eutrophication
- Mechanism of formation of eutrophication
- Causes of eutrophication
- Water hyacinth
- Consequences of eutrophication
- Controlling measures
Waste Water Reuse and Recycling
Water recycling or wastewater reuse is the method of reprocessing treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as agricultural and landscape irrigation, industrial processes, toilet flushing, and replenishing a groundwater basin referred to as groundwater recharge. It offers resource and financial savings. Reclaiming water for reusing applications instead of using freshwater supplies can be a water-saving measure.
- Key drives for waste water recycling
- Social aspects of polluted water
- Government and institutional role in waste water recycling
- Waste water market
- Projects of waste water recycling
- International waste water management
Water Pollution – Ethics and Regulations
Common ethical principles in water use and water management should be accepted in all geographies, in all stages of economic development and for all time. We need to know that in implementing these principles there can be different strategies and methods, which will be appropriate for different situations. However, the ethical principles, which are having such policies, will be consistent throughout the world. According to water management in a political point of view, there are two main chains of thought on the question: should water be privatized? In this field track, we are going to discuss the laws & the ethical issues related to water pollution & its management.
- Ethical approaches – Ecofeminism
- Anthropocentric issues
- Technical ethics
- Laws governing water pollution
- Ethical issues and technologies