The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Globally, 23% of all deaths and 26% of deaths among children under age 5 are due to preventable environmental factors. These factors are diverse and far reaching. They include: Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food, natural and technological disasters. These interactions affect quality of life, years of healthy life lived, and health disparities. Poor environmental quality has its greatest impact on people whose health status is already at risk. Therefore, environmental health must address the societal and environmental factors that increase the likelihood of exposure and disease.
- Track 1-1 Water: An Essential Element for Life
- Track 1-2 Morphology of Water
- Track 1-3 Nutrient Management
- Track 1-4 Water Borne Diseases
- Track 1-5 Drinking Water and Wastewater Systems
- Track 1-6 Harmful Effects of Water Pollution
- Track 1-7 Water Supply and Sanitation
- Track 1-8 Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Water
- Track 1-9 Challenges of Water and Food Security
Urban populations interact with their environment. Urban people change their environment through their consumption of food, energy, water, and land. And in turn, the polluted urban environment affects the health and quality of life of the urban population. Urbanization has negative consequences on health due mainly to pollution and overcrowded living conditions. It can also put added pressure on food supply systems. The pressures of urban living may lead to crime and other consequences of social deprivation.
- Track 2-1 Effects on Water Resources, Water Cycle and Water Quality
- Track 2-2 Urban Water Management
- Track 2-3 Urban Stormwater Infiltration Systems
- Track 2-4 Urbanization Causes Water Scarcity
- Track 2-5 Smart Cities and Urban Water Supply Management
Climate change intensifies this cycle because as air temperatures increase, more water evaporates into the air. Warmer air can hold more water vapor, which can lead to more intense rainstorms, causing major problems like extreme flooding in coastal communities around the world.
- Track 3-1 Climate Impacts on Water Resources and Water Crisis
- Track 3-2 Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate
- Track 3-3 Climate Change Consequences
- Track 3-4 Challenges for Atmospheric Research
- Track 3-5 Assessing and Managing Coastal Flood Risk
Improperly managed agricultural activities may impact surface water by contributing nutrients, pesticides, sediment, and bacteria, or by altering stream flow. Fertilizer and pesticide use, tillage, irrigation, and tile drainage can affect water quality and hydrology. However, agriculture is both cause and victim of water pollution. It is a cause through its discharge of pollutants and sediment to surface and/or groundwater, through net loss of soil by poor agricultural practices, and through salinization and waterlogging of irrigated land.
- Track 4-1 Biochar Adaptation
- Track 4-2 Retention, Release and Transport in Soils/Groundwater
- Track 4-3 Biodiversity of Food and Agriculture
- Track 4-4 Impacts and Adaptation in the Agricultural Sector
- Track 4-5 Colloidal Interactions of Nanoparticles with Water, Sediment, Soils
- Track 4-6 Soil Fertility and Biogeochemistry
Hydraulics and Hydrology are the key disciplines that allow for tackling the technological issues associated to the need for efficient usage of water and protection against related hazards. They contextualize the fundamental sciences of fluid mechanics, hydrodynamics and atmospheric physics for the purpose of achieving water-related technological advancements with positive impacts on human communities.
- Track 5-1 Environmental Flowsâ€“Interactions between Hydrological and Biological Processes
- Track 5-2 Advanced Models in Turbulence, Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer
- Track 5-3 Hydrologic Risk and Uncertainty
- Track 5-4 Novel Monitoring Techniques and Analytical Approaches in Hydroecology
- Track 5-5 Waves and Currents
- Track 5-6 Fluid Mechanics
Water energy resources include hydroelectric power from lakes and rivers, ocean energy in its various forms, and energy technologies that take advantage of saline water. Hydropower makes use of the kinetic energy water gains when it drops in elevation. Typically, water dammed in a lake or reservoir is released through turbines and generators to produce electricity, Hydropower has been a staple of electricity since the beginnings of the electric age. However, very little of this potential is currently slated for development.
- Track 6-1 High Energy Costs Vulnerability
- Track 6-2 Emissions of Greenhouse Gas
- Track 6-3 Energy Production from Urban Water Cycle
Microplastics come from a variety of sources, including from larger plastic debris that degrades into smaller and smaller pieces. In addition, microbeads, a type of microplastic, are very tiny pieces of manufactured polyethylene plastic that are added as exfoliates to health and beauty products, such as some cleansers and toothpastes. These tiny particles easily pass through water filtration systems and end up in the ocean and Great Lakes, posing a potential threat to aquatic life.
- Track 7-1 Methods of Detection / Characterisation
- Track 7-2 Fate and Effects in Marine and Freshwater Systems
- Track 7-3 Effects of Emerging Contaminants in Tropical Environment
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are a class of man-made chemicals. These chemicals are used in several types of consumer products, such as carpets, clothing, fabrics for furniture, paper packing for food, firefighting foam, and other materials, such as cookware, that are resistant to water, grease, or stains. Therefore, many people have been exposed to PFAS and have these chemicals in their blood from non-drinking water sources. It affects growth, learning, and behavior of infants and older children, lower a woman’s chance of getting pregnant, interfere with the body’s natural hormones, increase cholesterol levels, affect the immune system, increase the risk of cancer etc.
- Track 8-1 PFASs in Surface, Groundwater, Drinking water and Marine Environment
- Track 8-2 Impacts on environment and human health
- Track 8-3 Retention, release and transport in soils/ groundwater
- Track 8-4 PFASs interactions with soils and sediments
Industrial Water treatment is used to accumulate most water-based industrial processes, such as heating, cooling, processing, cleaning, and rinsing so that operating costs and risks are reduced. Water treatment is also engaged to improve the quality of water contacting the manufactured product such as semiconductors, or can be part of the product e.g. beverages, pharmaceuticals, etc. In these cases, poor water treatment can root to defective products.
- Track 9-1 Simulation and Optimization Techniques of Water Pipe Networks
- Track 9-2 Wastewater Sludge StabilizationÂ
- Track 9-3 Wastewater Quality and Management
- Track 9-4 Chemical and Microbial Risk
- Track 9-5 Overview of Drinking Water & Wastewater Resilience
Adsorption is one of the most systematic processes of advanced waste water treatment technology, which industry and academic researchers widely engaged for the removal of various pollutants. Activated carbon is one of the most widely investigated adsorbent in water treatment process. In recent years, the “adsorption” process has become more accepted as “Bio sorption” which uses biomaterials as the adsorbent, for contaminated water treatment. Magnetic adsorbents are an attractive solution for metallic and dye pollutants, particularly due to the simple magnetic separation process.
- Track 10-1 Effect of Surface Chemistry on Adsorption
- Track 10-2 Process of Adsorption
- Track 10-3 Sedimentation and Filtration
- Track 10-4 Low Cost Adsorbents
- Track 10-5 Batch and Column Experiment
- Track 10-6 Heat Pump System
Water microbiology is the science that deals with microscopic living organisms in fresh or salt water systems. While aquatic microbiology can encompass all microorganisms, including microscopic plants and animals, it more commonly refers to the study of bacteria, viruses, and fungi and their relation to other organisms in the aquatic environment. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi are widely distributed throughout aquatic environments. They can be found in fresh water rivers, lakes, and streams, in the surface waters and sediments of the world's oceans, and even in hot springs. They have even been found supporting diverse communities at hydrothermal vents in the depths of the oceans. Humans have taken advantage of the role these microorganisms play in nutrient cycles. At sewage treatment plants, microscopic bacteria are cultured and then used to break down human wastes. However, in addition to the beneficial uses of some aquatic microorganisms, others may cause problems for people because they are pathogens, which can cause serious diseases. For example, viruses such as Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphoid, and the Norwalk virus are found in water contaminated by sewage can cause illness. Fecal coliform (E. coli) bacteria and Enterococcus bacteria are two types of microorganisms that are used to indicate the presence of disease causing microorganisms in aquatic environments.
- Track 11-1 Freshwater Microbiology
- Track 11-2 Biotic and Abiotic Characteristics
- Track 11-3 Hydrobiology
- Track 11-4 Ecological Habitats of Microorganisms in Aquatic Environments
- Track 11-5 Factors Affecting the Microbial Population
- Track 11-6 Enumeration Mechanism
- Track 11-7 Taxonomy, Physiology, and Ecology of Aquatic Microorganisms
- Track 11-8 The Ecology of Microorganisms in Natural Waters
- Track 11-9 Waste Disposal in Aquatic and Solid Media
- Track 11-10 Biogeochemical Transformations
Freshwater ecosystems cover 0.78% of the Earth's surface and inhabit 0.009% of its total water. Ecosystems contain both the living plants and animals and the nonliving elements (water, sunlight, soils) on which they depend. Aquatic ecosystems (habitats and organisms) include our rivers and streams, ponds and lakes, oceans and bays, and swamps and marshes, and their associated animals.
- Track 12-1 Global-Scale in Aquatic Systems
- Track 12-2 Marine Engineering
- Track 12-3 River Restoration and Remote Sensing
- Track 12-4 Erosion Processes
As the carrying capacity of the Earth increases greatly due to technological advances, urbanization in modern times occurs because of economic opportunity. This rapid urbanization happens worldwide but mostly in new rising economies and developing countries. Cities in Africa and Asia are growing fastest with 28 out of 39 megacities (a city or urban area with more than 10 million inhabitants) worldwide in these developing nations. The number of megacities will continue to rise reaching approximately 50 in 2025. With developing economies water scarcity is a very common and very prevalent issue. Global freshwater resources dwindle in the eastern hemisphere either than at the poles, or with the majority of urban development millions live with insufficient fresh water. This is caused by polluted freshwater resources, overexploited groundwater resources, insufficient harvesting capacities in the surrounding rural areas, poorly constructed and maintained water supply systems, high amount of informal water use and insufficient technical and water management capacities.
- Track 13-1 Water Resources Engineering and Management
- Track 13-2 Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources
- Track 13-3 Trend in Water Use and its Anticipation
- Track 13-4 Groundwater and Surface Water Interaction
- Track 13-5 Ground Water (Artificial) Recharge
When disaster strikes, it usually manifests itself through water. Floods, landslides, tsunamis, storms, heat waves, cold spells, droughts and waterborne disease outbreaks are all becoming more frequent and more intense.The impacts and costs of these events are exacerbated by such factors as unplanned urbanization and degradation of ecosystem services. Reducing risk to, and improving the resilience of, water and sanitation services will be key to maintaining access during a climatically uncertain future.
- Track 14-1 Early Warning System for Disaster Risk Reduction
- Track 14-2 Rainfall-induced Landslide
- Track 14-3 Dam Break
- Track 14-4 Community-Based and Socio-Culture Approach on Disaster Risk Reduction
- Track 14-5 Debris Flow
- Track 14-6 Storm Water Management
- Track 14-7 Flood and Flush Flood Disaster Risk Reduction
The ecological stability of human settlements is part of the relationship between humans and their natural, social and built environments. Also termed human ecology, this broadens the focus of sustainable development to include the domain of human health. Fundamental human needs such as the availability and quality of air, water, food and shelter are also the ecological foundations for sustainable development; addressing public health risk through investments in ecosystem services can be a powerful and transformative force for sustainable development which, in this sense, extends to all species.
- Track 15-1 Massive Extinctions from Human Activity
- Track 15-2 Sustainable Forest or Sustainable Profit?
- Track 15-3 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans
- Track 15-4 Capacity Development and Transfer of Marine Technology
- Track 15-5 Ecology and Biodiversity Monitoring
- Track 15-6 Methods and Models for Water Research
- Track 15-7 Environmental Toxicity
Common ethical principles in water use and water management should be accepted in all geographies, in all stages of economic development and for all time. We need to know that in implementing these principles there can be different strategies and methods, which will be appropriate for different situations. However, the ethical principles, which are having such policies, will be consistent throughout the world. According to water management in a political point of view, there are two main chains of thought on the question: should water be privatized? In this field track, we are going to discuss the laws & the ethical issues related to water pollution & its management.
- Track 16-1 Government Efforts and Transnational Collaboration
- Track 16-2 Disaster Risk, Climate Change and International Development.
- Track 16-3 Risks and Possibility
- Track 16-4 Foreign Legal Developments: Comparative Law and Policy
- Track 16-5 Water Laws & Policy: Problems, Prospects and Consumer Perspective
- Track 16-6 Monitoring and Preventing Water Pollution