The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Contamination of water is caused due to discharge of waste water from industries and households into surface waters like ponds, rivers, seas and oceans. The various methods of contamination of waste water require a variety of strategies to remove the pollution. The process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water is called as water purification. The technologies can be designed to provide low cost sanitation and environmental protection. The various laboratory test methodologies are waste water quality indicators. They are used to assess suitability of waste water for disposal or re-use. Tests calculate the physio-chemical and biological characteristics of the waste water. Graphene: A new activator of sodium persulfate for the advanced oxidation of parabens in water is a recent research emerging in the field of waste water purification.
- Track 1-1 Sources of polluted water
- Track 1-2 Causes of water pollution
- Track 1-3 Toxicity
- Track 1-4 Purification of water
- Track 1-5 Quality indicators
- Track 1-6 Regulations controlling water pollution
- Track 1-7 Aquatic Toxicology
Groundwater contamination occurs when man-made products such as gasoline, oil, road salts and chemicals induced into the groundwater and cause it to become unsafe and unfit for human use. It can also happen naturally due to the presence of a small and unwanted constituents, contaminants or impurities in the groundwater, in which it is more likely treated to be as contamination rather than pollution. Testing of ground water pollution may focus on soil characteristics and site geology, hydrogeology, hydrology, and the nature of the contaminants. Using polluted ground water causes hazards to public health through poisoning or the spread of disease. Different mechanisms have influence on the transport of pollutants, e.g. diffusion, adsorption, precipitation, decay, in the groundwater. The interaction of groundwater contamination with surface waters is analysed by use of hydrology transport models.
- Track 2-1 Types of pollutants
- Track 2-2 Organic compounds
- Track 2-3 Causes of ground water pollution
- Track 2-4 Mechanism and interactions with surface water
- Track 2-5 Prevention and management of ground water pollution
Agriculture and environmental pollution refers to biotic and abiotic by-products of farming practices that result in polluting or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and cause injury to humans and their economic interests. The pollution may create from different sources, ranging from point source pollution to more diffuse, landscape-level causes, also known as non-point source pollution. Management techniques which arise from animal management and housing to lay out pesticides and fertilizers in global agricultural practices
- Track 3-1 Agricultural pollution
- Track 3-2 Fertilizer
- Track 3-3 Agricultural impacts on water quality
- Track 3-4 Effects on human health
- Track 3-5 Surface water pollution
- Track 3-6 Irrigation
- Track 3-7 Aquatic weeds
- Track 3-8 Pesticides in drinking water
Eutrophication is a leading cause of impairment of many freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems in the world. It takes place when the environment becomes enriched with nutrients. This can be a problem in marine habitats such as lakes, ponds, rivers and sometimes in seas, as it can cause algal blooms. Fertilisers are often used in farming; sometimes these can run-off into nearby water causing an increase in nutrient levels.
- Track 4-1 Natural eutrophication
- Track 4-2 Meiotrophication
- Track 4-3 Cultural eutrophication
- Track 4-4 Mechanism of formation of eutrophication
- Track 4-5 Causes of eutrophication
- Track 4-6 Water hyacinth
- Track 4-7 Consequences of eutrophication
- Track 4-8 Controlling measures
Hydrology is study of movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability and pollution of water and its resources. A professional working within these fields of water is called to be as “Hydrologist”. Using various analytical methods and scientific techniques, they collect and analyze data to help solve water related problems such as environmental preservation, natural disasters, and water and sewage management.
- Track 5-1 Precipitation processes
- Track 5-2 Hydrologic extremes and natural hazards
- Track 5-3 Hydrologic modelling
- Track 5-4 Soil erosion and sediment transport
- Track 5-5 Climate and glaciers
- Track 5-6 Scaling properties of hydro-logical processes
- Track 5-7 Climate change impact on hydrology and water resources
- Track 5-8 Hydrology and Ecosystem Services
Aquatic microbiology is the science that deals with microscopic living organisms in fresh or salt water systems. While aquatic microbiology can encompass all microorganisms, including microscopic plants and animals, it more commonly refers to the study of bacteria, viruses, and fungi and their relation to other organisms in the aquatic environment. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi are widely distributed throughout aquatic environments. They can be found in fresh water rivers, lakes, and streams, in the surface waters and sediments of the world's oceans, and even in hot springs. They have even been found supporting diverse communities at hydrothermal vents in the depths of the oceans. Humans have taken advantage of the role these microorganisms play in nutrient cycles. At sewage treatment plants, microscopic bacteria are cultured and then used to break down human wastes. However, in addition to the beneficial uses of some aquatic microorganisms, others may cause problems for people because they are pathogens, which can cause serious diseases. For example, viruses such as Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphoid, and the Norwalk virus are found in water contaminated by sewage can cause illness. Fecal coliform (E. coli) bacteria and Enterococcus bacteria are two types of microorganisms that are used to indicate the presence of disease causing microorganisms in aquatic environments.
- Track 6-1 Freshwater Microbiology
- Track 6-2 Biotic and Abiotic characteristics
- Track 6-3 Hydrobiology
- Track 6-4 Ecological Habitats of Microorganisms in Aquatic Environments
- Track 6-5 Challenges of Aquatic Life: Factors Affecting the Microbial Population in Natural Waters
- Track 6-6 Methods for the Enumeration of Microorganisms in the Aquatic Environment
- Track 6-7 Taxonomy, Physiology, and Ecology of Aquatic Microorganisms.
- Track 6-8 The Ecology of Microorganisms in Natural Waters
- Track 6-9 Waste Disposal in Aquatic and Solid Media
- Track 6-10 Biogeochemical Transformations
Adsorption is one of the most systematic processes of advanced waste water treatment technology, which industry and academic researchers widely engaged for the removal of various pollutants. Activated carbon is one of the most widely investigated adsorbent in water treatment process. In recent years, the “adsorption” process has become more accepted as “Bio sorption” which uses biomaterials as the adsorbent, for contaminated water treatment. Magnetic adsorbents are an attractive solution for metallic and dye pollutants, particularly due to the simple magnetic separation process.
- Track 7-1 Process of adsorption
- Track 7-2 Low cost adsorbents
- Track 7-3 Heat pump system
- Track 7-4 Batch experiment
- Track 7-5 Column experiment
- Track 7-6 Sedimentation and filtration
A technology that makes a barrier using a filtration process to physically distinguish solids from water are said to be as waste water technologies. Wastewater treatment is a technique used to convert wastewater, which is no longer needed or suitable for its use. The latter is called water reclamation. Instead of disposing of wastewater it is again reused for various purposes. During the treatment process, pollutants are removed or broken down. The infrastructure used for wastewater treatment is called a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), or a sewage treatment plant in the case of municipal wastewater (households and small industries.
- Track 8-1 Nanotechnology
- Track 8-2 Oxidation
- Track 8-3 Micro flotation
- Track 8-4 Advanced oxidation process
- Track 8-5 Filtration techniques
- Track 8-6 Photo bio reactors
- Track 8-7 Photo catalysis
- Track 8-8 Desalination
- Track 8-9 Hydro cyclone oil separators
- Track 8-10 Solid removers
- Track 8-11 Brine treatment
- Track 8-12 Mechanical and Biological Waste Treamtent (MBT)
- Track 8-13 Biofiltration process
Sludge is generally the solid residue in suspension from the wastewater stream and can be produced in two steps during the treatment of the effluent. Primary sludge is generated during the removal of insoluble matters such as grit, grease, and scum from wastewater by screening followed by coagulation and sedimentation. The settled primary sludge contains mainly water (between 97% and 99%) and highly putrescible organic matters. The secondary sludge or waste activated sludge (WAS) is generated as a result of biological treatment of the effluent from primary treatment containing different types of dissolved organic matters, and it consists of a complex activated sludge floc structure. Generally, sludge is a mixture of organics (such as proteins, carbohydrates and lipids) or volatile matters, inorganic matters and associated water. Sludge management is one of the most difficult and challenging tasks of wastewater treatment plants due to its high water content and poor dewaterability, Sludge management can cost as high as 60% of the total cost for a wastewater treatment plant.and strict regulation for sludge reuse or disposal. One of the recent goals of wastewater sludge management is to develop more environmentally friendly processes to reduce the volume of sludge for disposal and to convert sludge into bio-energy. Energy recovery of the sludge generally includes the conversion of the organic matters of sludge into biogas, syngas and bio-oil, which can be further converted into electricity, mechanical energy and heat, and the inorganic matters into bio-char or construction materials.
- Track 9-1 Sludge Dewatering and Drying
- Track 9-2 Composting of Sludge
- Track 9-3 Anaerobic Digestion (AD) of Sludge for Bio-gas
- Track 9-4 Fermentation of Sludge for Hydrogen or Bio-fuels
- Track 9-5 Pyrolysis of Sludge of Bio-oils and Bio-char
- Track 9-6 Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Sludge of Bio-crude
- Track 9-7 Gasification of Sludge of Hydrogen or Syngas
- Track 9-8 Combustion or Co-Combustion of Sludge for Heat and Power
- Track 9-9 Utilization of Inorganic Matters of Sludge for Construction Materials
Industrial Water treatment is used to accumulate most water-based industrial processes, such as heating, cooling, processing, cleaning, and rinsing so that operating costs and risks are reduced. Water treatment is also engaged to improve the quality of water contacting the manufactured product such as semiconductors, or can be part of the product e.g. beverages, pharmaceuticals, etc. In these cases, poor water treatment can root to defective products.
- Track 10-1 Nature of industrial waste water
- Track 10-2 Preliminary unit processes
- Track 10-3 Biological processes
- Track 10-4 Chemical and Pharmaceutical manufacturing
- Track 10-5 Piggery waste water
- Track 10-6 Slaughter house waste water
- Track 10-7 Palm oil mill and refinery waste water
- Track 10-8 Membranes and membrane filtration methods
- Track 10-9 Ultra violet irradiation
Water recycling or wastewater reuse is the method of reprocessing treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as agricultural and landscape irrigation, industrial processes, toilet flushing, and replenishing a groundwater basin referred to as groundwater recharge. It offers resource and financial savings. Reclaiming water for reusing applications instead of using freshwater supplies can be a water-saving measure.
- Track 11-1 Key drives for waste water recycling
- Track 11-2 Social aspects of polluted water
- Track 11-3 Government and institutional role in waste water recycling
- Track 11-4 Waste water market
- Track 11-5 Projects of waste water recycling
- Track 11-6 International waste water management
- Track 11-7 Pyrolysis
The diseases which are caused by the interaction with dirty or polluted water, then it’s referred to be as waterborne diseases. These are originated by pathogenic micro-organisms that are most commonly transmitted in contaminated fresh water. Infection commonly results during bathing, washing, drinking and in the preparation of food, or the consumption of food that is infected. This leads to many diseases from many parasites and microorganisms.
- Track 12-1 Infections by Protozoa
- Track 12-2 Diseases by bacteria
- Track 12-3 Infections by Virus
- Track 12-4 Phycology infections : algae
- Track 12-5 Chemical pollutants
- Track 12-6 Water based diseases
- Track 12-7 Other water related diseases
Common ethical principles in water use and water management should be accepted in all geographies, in all stages of economic development and for all time. We need to know that in implementing these principles there can be different strategies and methods, which will be appropriate for different situations. However, the ethical principles, which are having such policies, will be consistent throughout the world. According to water management in a political point of view, there are two main chains of thought on the question: should water be privatized? In this field track, we are going to discuss the laws & the ethical issues related to water pollution & its management.
- Track 13-1 Ethical approaches : Eco-feminism
- Track 13-2 Anthropocentric issues
- Track 13-3 Technical ethics
- Track 13-4 Laws governing water pollution
- Track 13-5 Ethical issues and technologies
- Track 13-6 Environmental Monitoring
This topic highlights water pollution issues to which economics has made important contributions, as well as areas in which further research might illuminate critical questions from the perspective of theory, empirics, or applied policy analysis. The focus is on drinking water regulation and provision; water quality standards in local, national, and transboundary settings; and the issue of policy instrument choice for water quality regulation.
- Track 14-1Economic of natural resource
- Track 14-2Environmental management
- Track 14-3Natural capital and sustainable economic growth